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Proposed 5777 JYEP Calendar












JEWEL: Tentative Jewel master schedule






HOW TO READ THE JEWISH CALENDAR
(thank you to TMTer Oded Tzori for helping put this together)
מה התאריך MA HA’TA-ARIKH – WHAT IS THE DATE?
Example: Sunday, 1st Sivan, 5776
Yom Rishon, Alef Sivan, Tash’av
יום ראשון, א' סיון תשע"ו

DAY OF THE WEEK
MONTH
תשע"ו YEAR – 5776
Yom Rishon (1st Day, Su)
Yom Sheini (2nd Day, Mo)
Yom Shlishi (3rd Day, Tu)
Yom Revii (4th Day, We)
Yom Hamishi (5th Day, Th)
Yom Shishi (6th Day, F)
Yom Shabbat (Sat)
The Hebrew months actually have Babylonian origins and meanings:
Tishre
Heshvan
Kislev
Tevet
Shvat
Adar
Nisan
Iyar
Sivan
Tamuz
Av
Elul
The Jewish year is also figured out from Gematria (see Day of the month below first). When we continue past the values needed for the date, when have:
Mem – 40 Nun – 50 Samekh – 60 Ayin – 70 Pey – 80
Tzadi – 90 Kuf -100 Reysh – 200 Shin – 300 Tav – 400

For the year 5775
5000 – is implied (would be many letters)
700 – 400 + 300 – Tav, Shin
75 – Ayin Hey

HENCE:
Tav – Shin – Ayin – vav (pronounced Tashav)
DAY OF THE MONTH
For the date we do not use regular numbers but Gematria. Gematria counts using letters.
  1. a. 1-10 are the first 10 letters of the alphabet (alef, bet, gimel, dalet, hey, vav, zayin, het, tet, yud).
  2. b. For 11-19 the 10th letter “Yud” is combined with the letters for 1-9 (yud alef, yud bet, yud gimel etc).*
  3. c. For 20-29 the 11th letter “Kaf” is combined with the letters for 1-9 (kaf alef, kaf bet, kaf gimel etc.
  4. d. 30-39 use “Lamed” etc. (lamed alef, lamed bet, lamed gimel etc.).
*2 exceptions occur with 15 and 16 because Yud Hey and Yud Vav spell out God’s name. So instead we combine 9 and 6, and 9 and 7 hence Tet Vav is 15, and Tet Zayin is 16. Then the regular pattern returns.
Hence the Holiday “Tu B’Shvat” is actually the “15th” of the month of Shvat: Tet Vav = 15
WHY DO JEWS LIKE MULTIPLES OF 18??
Ever wondered why Jews use multiples of 18 to write gift checks (eg. Bar/Bat Mitzvah or Wedding?).
Well the word “Chai” – which means life/alive is written Het –Yud. In Gematria, Yud – Het has the value of 18! Hence the tradition of giving ‘life’ in multiples of 18.
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THE HOLIDAY CYCLE

Jewish Month
Approximate Secular Date
This Month’s Special Dates
Tishrei
September–October
The High Holidays (Rosh Hashanah, Yom Kippur)
Sukkot, Shmini Atzeret, and Simhat Torah
Heshvan
October–November
Sigd
Kislev
November–December
Hanukkah
Tevet
December–January
Conclusion of Hannukah
Shevat
January–February
Tu B’Shvat
Adar
February–March
Purim
Nisan
March–April
Passover, Yom Ha’Shoah
Iyar
April–May
Yom HaZikaron,
Yom Ha’Atzmaut,
Lag B’Omer
Yom Yerushalyim
Sivan
May–June
Shavuot
Tammuz
June–July

Av
July–August
Tisha B’Av
Elul
August–September
Sounding of the Shofar